Joan of Arc is a significant person in the history of France as a nation. She is probably the only female who was able to influence the French military force in a very significant and substantial way. During her lifetime, she was an asset to her nation and her influence remained even after her last breath.
Joan played a huge role in the Hundred Years’ War which pushed on more than two decades after her demise. The coronation of Charles VII, which was something that Joan fought hard for, was finally successful and he became the legitimate king of France. This happened despite the fact that the young Henry VI was also crowned during the same time. England’s military forces were following a downhill direction after they were defeated in 1429 as well as when they lost their partnership with Burgundy. Because Charles VI was still at a very tender age and was therefore unable to effectively managed his affairs, his rule finally ended making Charles VII the true, one and only King of France. Joan of Arc’s aggressive military approach when she was alive allowed the French to develop tactics that were crucial in their achievement of success.
Joan of Arc was able to obtain some degree of retribution from her execution when the Church staged a religious play depicting her life in Orleans. What’s more, the people who participated and witnessed the play were granted church indulgence which basically means that they have been partially forgiven for their sins.
The retrial of Joan of Arc occurred after the Hundred Years’ War ended. This was due to the request of an inquisitor general named Jean Brehal and Isabelle Romee, Joan’s mother. The request for retrial was approved by the then pope, Callixtus III. The case of Joan of Arc was reopened in the attempts of reversing the previous verdict and condemnation. Appeals included several members of the clergy and the court. Theologians were also asked to interview and take a good look at the testimonies of more than a hundred witnesses. The final verdict was released in the month of June 1456 which stated that Joan of Arc was indeed a martyr. It was also stated in the verdict that Pierre Cauchon, the man who was mainly responsible for Joan’s execution, was incriminated for heresy. Joan was finally freed from all charges and was affirmed to be innocent on the 7th of July, 1456.
What is considered to be the most important posthumous event for Joan of Arc was her canonization. In the 16th century, she was finally considered to be someone who represented the ideals of the Catholic League. In 1849, Felix Dupanloup became the bishop of Orleans and he was responsible for working towards the 1909 beatification of Joan of Arc. This ultimately led to Joan of Arc to be canonized and made into a saint by Pope Benedict XV in May 16, 1920. Although it has taken quite some time, Joan was finally recognized for her efforts.